He was a reporter for Radikal Daily and HaberTürk TV.
He was arrested on July 13, 2018, 2ithin the scope of the investigation where National Intelligence Organisation (MIT) Director Hakan Fidan and MIT personnel were summoned to give statement on February 7, 2012. 24 others were jailed.
Hakan Fidan and MIT personnel were summoned to give a statement as “suspects” with the accusation that “the MIT was related with PKK/KCK” within the scope of the investigation, publicly know as “MIT crisis”. Fidan had not gone to give a statement. However, later on it was claimed that the investigation was the first plot of “Gülenist Terrorist Organisation/Parallel State Structure” against the government. After the attempted military coup on July 15, 2016, an investigation was launched regarding the summoning of Fidan to give a statement.
He was in custody at the police station for five days. After that he was taken to the court. Following his interrogation, he was arrested on July 18, 2018. He was taken to Silivri Prison. 13 others were arrested within the scope of the investigation.
The indictment, completed and presented to the court on February 11, 2020, accused him of “membership of an armed terrorist organisation”, “attempting, by use of force and violence, to abolish the Turkish Grand National Assembly or to prevent, in part or in full, the fulfilment of the duties of the Turkish Grand National Assembly”, “disclosing the information that must be kept confidential for the purpose of political or military espionage”, “violations the confidentiality of a case” and “forgery of official documents”. He was requested to be sentenced to, one time aggravated life time and from 26 years six months to 46 years of imprisonment.
At the first hearing of the case, court ruled to hold the hearing and the next ones behind closed doors on the grounds that “it could lead to situations which would endanger public safety and national security”. Court also issued a media blackout for the remainder of the trial process. It was also ruled that any news made regarding the case would face an investigation.
There will no further be monitoring, filing and reporting for the rest of the case due to the media blackout.
He is jailed, pending trial.
National Intelligence Organisation (MIT) Director Hakan Fidan and some MIT members, were summoned to give statements on February 12, 2012 by Istanbul Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office for the claim that “MIT was related with PKK/KCK). The investigation, commonly known as “MIT Crisis” was launched at a time when “negotiation process between the government and the PKK” was ongoing. After the intervention of the-then Prime Minister Tayyip Erdoğan, Fidan and MIT members did not go to give statements. However, later on, the investigation was claimed to be the first plot of the “Gülenist Terrorist Organisation/Parallel State Structure” against the government. After the investigation legal arrangements were made to present the summoning of MIT director and MIT members for president’s approval.
Investigation regarding the summoning of Fidan and MIT members was launched after the attempted military coup on July 15, 2016. The investigation was carried out by the Terror Related Crimes Bureau of Istanbul Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office. Within the scope of the investigation, arrest warrants were issued against 24 people, including prosecutors and police officers.
Radikal Daily and HaberTürk TV reporter Mustafa Gökkılıç was among people who had arrest warrants issued against them.
He was taken into custody on July 13, 2018 in Istanbul. On July 18, 2018, after spending 5 days at the police station, he was taken to the court. He was arrested for the accusations of “attempting to abolish the government of the Republic of Turkey or to prevent the government of the Republic of Turkey from fulfilling its duties” and “membership of an armed terrorist organisation” and taken to Silivri Prison.
The indictment against him was completed on February 11, 2020.
The indictment against 34 suspects, 14 of whom were detained along with journalist Mustafa Gökkılıç, was completed and presented to the court on February 11, 2020. The indictment was 154 pages.
32 people, including the-then Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, along with 26 ministers of the cabinet, MIT Undersecretary/Director Hakan Fidan, were mentioned as the “victim”.
The indictment, widely covered the details of the investigation commonly known as “February 7th MIT Crisis”.
According to that, National Intelligence Organisation (MIT) Director and four MIT members, were summoned to give statements over the phone as “suspects” on February 7, 2012, by Istanbul Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office, for the accusation that “the MIT was related with PKK/KCK”.The-then Prime Minister Tayyip Erdoğan prevented the MIT Director and members from giving statements during this incident that occurred at a time when “the negotiation process between the state and PKK” was ongoing.
The indictment claimed “MIT crisis” to be “an attempt” .
The indictment chronologically listed the events from January 29, 2019 back to to the time of the crises.
The indictment reminded the operation, made within the scope of the investigation launched on December 11, 2011 and publicly known as “KCK Press”. It was stated that within the scope of the operation “M.Ö., who was claimed to be the contact man of MIT, was arrested”. It was stated that M.Ö. while he was under custody “had said that he was a MIT member and did not want this subject to be revealed”. It was argued that “M.Ö.’s statement, later on, was leaked to the people who were claimed to be FETÖ/PDY members”.
The indictment then stated that on February 7, 2012, at 17:00, MIT Director Hakan Fidan and 4 MIT members were called and the prosecutor told them “I’m waiting for you at my office to give statement”.
It was stated that at the time, the-then Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was to undergo a surgery, however he had delayed the surgery to “respond to the incident”.
It was claimed that by attempting to summon MIT members to give statements, “Fidan was aimed to be taken into custody, with his arrest, Erdogan and his government were planned to be overthrown with the perception that the arrest order was given by the Prime Minister”.
It was claimed that this attempt “was FETÖ/PDY armed terrorist organisation’s first plot to abolish the Republic of Turkey and its elected government”.
Accusations and assessments regarding journalist Gökkılıç started at the page 127 of the indictment. Assessments regarding Gökkılıç started with the statements of Agance France-Press (AFP) reporter M.Ö., who was taken into custody and then released within the scope of the “KCK press” investigation and was allegedly “a MIT member”.
M.Ö., in his statements claimed that “Gökkılıç had called him to say he had reached the statements he gave under custody and wanted to make news”. M.Ö. regarding the event said:
“He told me ‘I have your statements at the prosecutor’s office and the police station and I will make news of this’. I told him that what he was doing could not bear responsibility. I said don’t do this, lets talk and not do this. He responded and said, no we will go with the news, we already put it in the headlines, then I walked into commissioner Ayhan’s room. I told him ‘call the prosecutor, our statements are leaked’ and he called Mr. Prosecutor and told him all about this. When he told me you can’t talk about this, I explained everything to the prosecutor over the phone. And he told me, there is no way this will happen, if necessary I will sent that journalist in jail, what he is doing is a crime. I said, yes but he does not say so, and hung up. I immediately reported the situation to the Ankara MIT Undersecretariat. Because of that, publication of the news was hold for that day.”
M.Ö., later in his statement, claimed that Mustafa Gökkılıç “had attempted to publish the statements by giving them to other press outlets”. He claimed that “the statements were published in Türkiye Daily on March 6, 2012, even though his name was not in the news, the article had revealed and targeted him”. He also claimed that “Another article was published at Sabah Daily on March 11, 2012, however it was tried to be hid since their identities were already leaked with the news published at Türkiye Daily”.
M.Ö. claimed that “Taraf Daily’s article on March 28, 2012 made through the statement reports was published with his identity and his photo therefore his actions carried on behalf of MIT and his secrets were revealed”.
The indictment claimed that Gökkılıç had “contacted other press outlets in order to publish the same news and attempted to convince M.Ö. to act accordingly”.
It was claimed that by doing so, Gökkılıç “had acted as an accomplice to the crime of attempted abolishment of Government of the Republic of Turkey or prevention of fulfilment of its duties through FETÖ/PDY’s plot against the current political government”.
Gökkılıç’s Social Security Institution (SGK) records from when he was working at Koza İpek Press Ltd. between 2014 and 2015 which was later shut down and his membership of Pak Media Labour Union, which was shut down as well, were shown among the evidence.
Before and after the attempted coup on July 15, 2016, government had seized control of many companies. With the decree-laws passed without Parliement’s approval, numerous Unions and NGO’s were shut down.
Gökkılıç was accused of “attempting, by use of force and violence, to abolish the Turkish Grand National Assembly or to prevent, in part or in full, the fulfilment of the duties of the Turkish Grand National Assembly” according to the article 312/1 of the Turkish Penal Code. Within this scope he was requested to be sentenced to aggravated life sentence.
It was claimed that within the scope of the “attempting, by use of force and violence, to abolish the Turkish Grand National Assembly or to prevent, in part or in full, the fulfilment of the duties of the Turkish Grand National Assembly” crime, regulated by articles 312/2 and 328/1, he had “secured information that, due to its nature, must be kept confidential for reasons relating to the security or domestic or foreign political interests of the State, for the purpose of political or military espionage”. Within the scope of this accusation, he was requested to be imprisoned for a term of fifteen to twenty years.
Gökkılıç was also, accused of “membership of an armed terrorist organisation” according to the article 314/2 of the Turkish Penal Code and article 5 of the Anti-Terror Law. Within this scope he was requested to be sentenced to, from seven years six months to 15 years of imprisonment.
Gökkılıç was accused of “violating the confidentiality of an investigation” according to the article 285/1 of the Turkish Penal Code and requested to be sentenced to, from one year to 3 years of imprisonment; he was also requested to be sentenced to, from three years to eight years of imprisonment for the accusation of “forgery of official documents” according to the article 204/2 of Turkish Penal Code.
Therefore, in total, Gökkılıç was requested to be sentenced to one time aggravated life time and from 26 years 6 months to 46 years of imprisonment.
Gökkılıç was also requested to be “bereaved of specific rights” according to the article 53 Turkish Penal Code.
The indictment was approved by Istanbul 23rd Assize Court on March 10, 2020.
Trial of 34 people along with journalist Mustafa Gökkılıç, started with the first hearing held at Istanbul 23rd Assize Court, located inside Silivri Prison, between June 22 and July 3, 2020.
Journalist Gökkılıç was present at the first hearing. Ministry of Finance and Treasury’s attorney, who was representing the complainant National Intelligence Organisation, requested the hearing to be closed to the press. Some of the suspects accepted the requested whereas some objected. Detained journalist Mustafa Gökkılıç, turned to the line where the journalists were sitting and said “I am a journalist too but I want my colleagues to be removed from the courthouse. I do not thing that the journalists will be able to make news sturdily at this time. I request the case to be held behind closed doors”.
Prosecutor of the case, when his opinion was asked, requested the hearing to be held behind closed doors on the grounds that “it could lead to situations which would endanger public safety and national security”.
Court ruled to hold the hearing and any possible upcoming hearings, behind closed doors on the grounds that “it could lead to situations which would endanger public safety and national security”. Court also imposed a media ban for the rest of the judicial process. It was also ruled that any news made regarding the case would face an investigation.
There will no further be monitoring, filing and reporting for the rest of the case due to the media blackout.
All suspects, including Gökkılıç, were ruled to continue their detention. Second hearing of the case is set to September 15, 2020.
Duruşmanın saat 10.00’da başlaması kararlaştırılmıştı. Ancak, duruşma; gecikmeli olarak 11:42’de başladı.
Duruşmaya, gazeteci Mustafa Gökkılıç ile birlikte altı sanık katıldı. Beş sanık ise tutuklu bulundukları cezaevinden Ses ve Görüntü Bilişim Sistemi (SEGBİS) aracılığıyla katıldı.
Tutuklu sanık A. F. Y.’nin aralarında bulunduğu yedi sanığın “koronavirüs” pandemisi dolayısıyla duruşma salonuna gelmek istemediklerine ilişkin dilekçe sunduğu, bazı avukatların ise dilekçe sunarak müvekkilleri ile görüşemedikleri için savunma hazırlayamadıklarını belirttikleri açıklandı.
Şikayetçi sıfatıyla yargılamaya katılan Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı’nı (MİT) temsil eden Hazine ve Maliye Bakanlığı avukatı, duruşmanın basına kapalı görülmesini talep etti.
Mahkeme heyeti, sanıkların MİT’in istemi karşısında sanıkların taleplerini sordu.
Bazı sanıklar duruşmanın kamuoyuna açık yapılmasını isterken, bazı sanıklar ise davanın kapalı görülmesini istedi.
Tutuklu sanık gazeteci Mustafa Gökkılıç, gazetecilerin olduğu sıraya dönerek, “Ben de gazeteciyim ama meslektaşlarımın dışarı çıkarılmasını istiyorum. Gazetecilerin bu süreçte sağlıklı haber yapacağını düşünmüyorum. Davanın kapalı görülmesini istiyorum” dedi.
Ardından sanık avukatları söz alarak, duruşmanın kamuoyuna açık yapılmasını istedi.
Sanıklardan birinin avukatı ile mahkeme başkanı arasında tartışma yaşandı. Sanık avukatı, “Duruşmanın aleni bir şekilde yapılmasını istiyoruz. Evet, kararınızı biliyoruz. Talebe ilişkin söz veriyorsunuz ama duruşmayı kapalı yapacaksınız. Bunu biliyoruz. Namusunuz ve vicdanınız üzerine…”
Avukatın sözünü kesen mahkeme başkanı, “Avukat bey niyet okuyorsunuz” dedi.
Sanık avukatının “söyleyeceklerim var” demesi üzerine sesini yükselten mahkeme başkanı, “Niyet okuyorsunuz. Ben bu mahkemenin başkanıyım, buranın düzenini ben sağlıyorum. Talebe karşı beyanda bulunacaksanız buyurun konuşun, niyet okuyacaksanız dışarı atarım” ifadelerini kullandı.
MİT’in avukatı, yargılamanın kapalı yapılması yönündeki taleplerinin devam ettiğini söyledi.
Sanık ve avukatlarının taleplerinin alınmasının ardından, görüşü sorulan duruşma savcısı; “milli güvenliği tehlikeye düşürecek hususların ortaya çıkabileceği” iddiasıyla duruşmanın kapalı yapılmasını talep etti.
Ardından mahkeme heyeti, talebi görüşmek üzere kısa bir süreliğine duruşma salonundan ayrıldı. İki dakika sonra duruşma salonuna dönen mahkeme heyeti, duruşmanın kapalı yapılması yönünde karar aldığını ve yargılamanın bundan sonraki süreçleri için yayın yasağı getirdiğini açıkladı.
Mahkeme heyeti, bundan sonra davanın içeriğine dair yapılacak haberler hakkında soruşturma açılması kararı aldı. Mahkeme heyeti, kararının gerekçesini ise “kamu ve milli güvenliğini tehlikeye düşürecek hususların ortaya çıkması ihtimali”ne dayandırdı.
Kararını açıklayan mahkeme başkanı, gazetecilerin dışarı çıkarılmasını istedi. Gazetecilerin duruşma salonundan çıkarılmasının ardından duruşma kapalı bir şekilde devam etti.
3 Temmuz 2020 tarihine kadar devam etmesi beklenen duruşma bir gün sürdü.
Bazı sanıkların savunması alındıktan sonra, yargılamanın; 15 Eylül 2020 tarihinde görülecek ikinci duruşması ile devam etmesine karar verildi.
Mahkeme heyeti, Gökkılıç’ın da aralarında bulunduğu tutuklu sanıkların tutukluluk halinin devam ettirilmesine karar verdi.
NOT: Yasak kararı nedeniyle, yargılamanın bundan sonraki sürecine ilişkin izleme, belgeleme ve raporlama yapılmayacaktır.
Duruşma, İstanbul Silivri Cezaevi’nin içinde kurulan Silivri Adliyesi’nde görüldü.
Adliye girişi bariyerlerle kapatılmıştı. Adliye girişler, sınırlı sayıda kurulan noktalardan sağlandı. Adliye girişinde gazeteciler ve avukatlar X-Ray cihazından geçirildi.
Gazeteciler, girişte verilen basın kimlik kartı ile duruşmayı izledi.
Gazetecilerin bilgisayarlarının adliyeye alınmasına da izin verilmedi. Görüşmeler sonucunda, bilgisayarların; basın odasından çıkarılmamak ve duruşma salonuna alınmamak üzere adliyeye sokulmasına izin verildi. Basın odasında bulunan ve duruşma salonlarından görüntünün yansıtıldığı televizyon ekranı kapatıldı. Gazetecilerin cep telefonlarını kullanmasına da izin verilmedi.
“Koronavirüs” pandemisi karşısında alınan tedbirler kapsamında adliye girişinde ateş ölçümü yapılmadı. Girişmere, olması gerektiği halde dezehfektan konulmadığı görüldü.
Mahkeme Salonu Koşulları
Duruşma, Silivri Adliyesi’nin en büyük salonlarından birinde görüldü. Duruşmanın görüldüğü salonda 100 kadar avukat, 100 kadar gazeteci ve güvenlik, 250 kadar izleyici, 100 kadar da sanık için yer ayrılmıştı. Mahkeme heyeti ve duruşma savcısı için ayrı, sanıklar için ayrı, avukat, gazeteciler ve izleyiciler için ayrı giriş kapıları bulunuyordu. Mahkeme heyeti için ayrı bir oturma bölümü, duruşma savcısı içinde ayrı bir bölme olduğu görüldü.
Sanıkların oturduğu bölme demir bariyerler avukat, gazeteci ve izleyici sıralarından ayrılırken, ayrıca etrafına tahtadan bariyerler bulunuyordu.
Duruşma salonunda SEGBİS için 2 ayrı büyük ekran, kurulurken, SEGBİS kaydı içinde 5 ayrı kamera sistemi kurulduğu görüldü.
Duruşmayı çeşitli medya kuruluşlarının çalışanları izledi. Sanık yakınları “koronavirüs” pandemisi karşısında alınan önlemleri duruşma salonuna alınmadı.
Duruşmada gazeteci Mustafa Gökkılınç ve 10 sanık hazır bulundu. Duruşma salonuna getirilen altı sanık ve cezaevi askerinde maske bulunurken, askerlerde ayrıca koruyucu elbisenin olması dikkat çekti. SEGBİS ile duruşmaya katılan beş sanık ise mahkeme heyeti yerini alana kadar kendi aralarında sohbet etti.
Duruşmada yayın yasağı getirildi. Mahkeme heyeti, davanın içeriğine dair yapılacak haberler hakkında soruşturma açılması kararı aldı. Mahkeme heyeti, kararının gerekçesini ise “kamu ve milli güvenliğini tehlikeye düşürecek hususların ortaya çıkabileceği” iddiasına dayandırdı.
“MİT Conspiracy” Trial (Indictment)
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