He was born in 1978 in Kurtalan, Siirt.
He discontinued his education at Harran University’s Physics Department in 1998 to take up journalism. He worked as news manager at the newspapers Günlük and Özgür Gündem.
Later on, he worked as editor at the now shuttered Dicle News Agency. DİHA was closed down with a Decree Law issued under the State of Emergency (OHAL), which was declared after the military coup attempt on July 15th, 2016. During the state of emergency, a number of media outlets were shuttered with the government’s decree laws passed without the approval of the Parliament.
On December 20th, 2011, he was among the journalists and media professionals detained in Istanbul under the scope of the investigation generally known as “KCK Press” case. On December 24th, 2011, he was arrested on charges of “establishing and leading of an armed terrorist organization”. He was placed in Kandıra High Security Prison No. 1. He was kept in prison for about 2,5 years pending trial, and was released on May 12th, 2014. For the charge of “establishing and leading of an armed terrorist organization”, he faces a prison sentence between 15 years to 22.5 years. The prosecutor has not submitted his opinion as to the accusations although the trial started in September 2012.
Pekgöz currently works at Mesopotamia Agency as editor.
49 journalists and media professionals working for “Kurdish media” outlets, namely Dicle News Agency (DİHA), Özgür Gündem Newspaper, Fırat News Agency (ANF) and Roj TV were arrested in the early morning hours on December 20th, 2011, with police raids on their homes or media outlets in Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Van, Adana and Diyarbakır.
Dicle News Agency (DİHA) editor Ramazan Pekgöz figured among those taken under custody.
The journalists and media professionals thus detained were taken on the next day to the Istanbul Police Department’s Anti-Terror Branch on Vatan Avenue, Istanbul.
The investigation was conducted by Istanbul Public Prosecutor. A “confidentiality / restriction order” was issued regarding the case. As a result, the journalists in custody were initially unable to learn the charges against them.
Seven of the journalists and media professionals taken into custody were released on December 23rd, 2011 following the prosecutor’s inquiry.
According to the indictment, Pekgöz explained during the inquiry at the prosecutor’s office that he was the news manager at the newspaper Günlük, he held an interview with Murat Karayılan while working as editor at DİHA, and he was tried and acquitted for that interview. He also indicated that the allegations in the notes and reports obtained from C.K., who stood trial at the “KCK Main Trial” were not accurate.
Pekgöz was arrested on December 24th, 2011 along with 35 journalists and media professionals referred to the court. Pekgöz was charged with “establishing and leading an armed terrorist organization”. He was placed in Kandıra High Security Prison No. 1.
The indictment against 44 journalists and media professionals, including Ramazan Pekgöz, the editor of the now shuttered DİHA, was completed on April 27th, 2012 by Istanbul Public Prosecutor.
In the indictment, it was claimed that the so-called “KCK / PKK Press Committee” and “Democratic Enlightenment Union” (Yekîtiya Ragihandina Demokratik - YRD) guided the editorial policy and news coverage of the “Kurdish media”.
Dicle News Agency (DİHA), Fırat Publishing and Distribution Company, Gün Printing House (which printed the newspapers Azadiya Welat, Denge Welat, Özgür Gündem, Yeni Demokratik Toplum, Yeni Demokratik Yaşam, Yeni Demokratik Ulus and the magazines Özgür Halk, Demokratik Modernite, Yurtsever Gençlik), Fırat News Agency (ANF), Azadiya Welat Newspaper, Özgür Gündem Newspaper and other daily and weekly newspapers in Turkish; as well as various media or news outlets, including Roj TV, Medya TV, and Mezopotamya Radio, were listed among “KCK / PKK’s media outlets” in the indictment.
The indictment added that “KCK / PKK’s Press Committee has been holding regular meetings since 2001 to consolidate the hierarchy within the organization’s media network, and Press Conferences have transformed into YRD Conferences over time”, and that “The Press Committee’s editorial policy focused on establishing the state of Kurdistan”.
Journalistic activities were presented as “terror group’s activities” in the indictment. The indictment made frequent use of allegations and definitions such as “so-called journalism activities”, “news designed to denigrate the state”, “terror group-driven journalism”, “an independent journalist would not have penned such news stories” and “the photographs found in the computer denigrated state officials”.
37 pages of the 800-page indictment were dedicated to explaining the “KCK / PKK structure”; this section featured the arguments of the prosecutor as well as statements by three members of the organization and three secret witnesses who were captured or had surrendered. In addition, Abdullah Öcalan’s talks with his lawyers and the latters’ correspondence with each other were also included.
The next 100 pages offered a history of the “Kurdish media”. There were claims regarding the relationship between the organization and the newspapers, magazines, radios, televisions and web sites going back to the 1970s.
The prosecution claimed that many media outlets, especially DİHA, Fırat News Agency (ANF), Roj TV, were “broadcasting to serve the purposes of KCK / PKK”. The news, images, articles and interviews shared among these media outlets; statements of secret witnesses and suspects; and “KCK Charter’s sections related to the press” were presented to support these claims.
Journalists’ news stories, journalistic activities and coverage for media outlets such as Roj TV and ANF were presented as criminal activities.
In the indictment, 44 journalists and media employees were charged with “membership or leadership of a terrorist organization”.
The 21-page section about Ramazan Pekgöz starts on page 260 of the indictment.
The indictment included the wiretapping records of 13 conversations between Pekgöz and other journalists, writers and informants. It was claimed that conversations were totally terror organization-related.
Five interviews and articles found on Pekgöz’s computer hard disk, two news allegedly “spreading the terrorist organization’s propaganda”, secret witness statements, and the notes of another journalist arrested under the KCK operation in November 2011 were also cited as evidence.
The prosecutor claimed that Pekgöz’s news stories “presented interviews as journalistic activities, but actually spread propaganda for the organization”.
The indictment also cited the dates when Pekgöz left and returned to Turkey between the years 2003-2011.
The following evidence about Pekgöz was included in the indictment as a result of “communication monitoring”:
1- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated May 25th, 2008 with journalist Nurettin Fırat, another defendant in the case.
The prosecutor claimed that Pekgöz “insulted the state”, “indicated that Abdullah Öcalan’s notes were more important than everything else” and “heavily swore about (the then-prime minister) Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.”
2- Wiretapping record of another phone call dated May 25th, 2008 with journalist Nurettin Fırat, another defendant in the case
The prosecutor claimed that Pekgöz “had contacts with Nurettin Fırat, who is a senior figure in the Turkish leg of the Press Committee” and “Fırat demanded the publication of instructions by a terror organization member from the Press Committee”.
3- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated May 26th, 2008 with Ragıp Zarakolu (arrested in the KCK operation in 2011 and released in 2012).
The prosecutor claimed that Pekgöz was “in contact with the individual named Ragıp Zarakolu, who was arrested for his activities at the Political Academy,” and “knowing that a news story published by them would not affect the public opinion, they handed this over to Ragıp Zarakolu in an organizational tactic.”
4- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated May 26th, 2008 with a journalist after the newspaper Günlük was closed down.
The prosecutor claimed that Pekgöz “created alternatives for the organization’s shuttered outlets” and “helped organization members write columns under pseudonyms”.
5- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated August 15th, 2008 with journalist C.K. (arrested under the KCK Main Trial in 2011 and released in 2014).
The prosecutor claimed that “C.K., who was arrested for his suspected membership of KCK/PKK leadership committee, and Pekgöz, active in the Press Committee, reached joint organizational decisions” and “spoke in an encrypted way”.
6- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated July 1st, 2008 with C.K. (arrested under the KCK Main Trial in 2011).
The prosecutor claimed that in order to target Hurşit Tolon, Pekgöz “demanded information about Tolon, Commander of 1. Army Corps, and K. stated ‘We can introduce Tolon with a harsh expression, since he is the commander who built the security system and prison in İmralı’” and that “K. guided Pekgöz.”
7- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated July 26th, 2008 with Veysi Sarısözen, columnist for the newspaper Günlük.
8- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated August 2nd, 2008 with Veysi Sarısözen, columnist for the newspaper Günlük
9- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated June 26th, 2008 with Veysi Sarısözen, columnist for the newspaper Günlük.
The prosecutor claimed that “Pekgöz dictated to this individual, who is a columnist of the newspaper, what he should write about and what kind of agenda items he should create, and the individual in question constantly chose articles and agenda items that put the state and the Turkish army in a difficult position”.
10- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated August 28th, 2008 with a trade union leader about a news story.
The prosecutor claimed in his assessment note that “He wanted an opinion piece on the Umbrella Party which was to be created according to Abdullah Öcalan’s instructions.”
11- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated November 10th, 2008 with a parliamentary advisor of BDP.
The prosecutor claimed in his assessment note that Pekgöz “tried to distort public agenda with news stories designed to misrepresent the government’s opening towards Alevis.”
12- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated January 5th, 2009 with a friend.
The prosecutor stated that “They indicated that the state-owned TV in Kurdish, TRT Şeş, was not a gift of the government to Kurds and denigrated the content of the TV channel”.
13- Wiretapping record of a phone call dated November 20th, 2008 with Gündem writer C.K. (arrested under the KCK Main Trial in 2011 and released in 2014).
The prosecutor claimed that, “both suspects are the organization’s officers in newspapers that spread propaganda for the terrorist organization KCK/PKK, and decide upon the organization-related articles to be published.”
In his general assessment of all these wiretapping records, the prosecutor claimed that Pekgöz was in contact with the journalists standing trial at the “KCK Main Trial” and “KCK Press Trial”, “as an individual shaping the organization’s press and media activities.”
The following news stories obtained from open sources were claimed to “spread propaganda for a terrorist organization” in the indictment:
1- News story dated August 24th, 2009 published on DİHA’s web site, titled “Investigation launched against Günlük newspaper’s observations in Kandil”.
The prosecutor’s note mentioned the then news editor of Günlük newspaper Pekgöz’s opinions saying “Pekgöz held an interview with KCK’s Executive Committee President Murat Karayılan, in Kandil in the Federal Kurdistan Region.”
2- News story dated November 2nd, 2010 published on ANF’s web site titled “4 critical hours in İmralı”, and signed by Pekgöz.
The prosecutor observed, “the news story was penned by Pekgöz”.
Documents claimed to have been seized from C.K., arrested during the KCK operation in November 2011, were also placed under the section of the indictment concerning Pekgöz.
As a result of his analysis of the documents obtained from C.K., the prosecutor claimed that Pekgöz participated in the “3. Press and Media Conference” organized by YRD in 2005, and to a 14-strong meeting with Murat Karayılan after the conference. It was stated that a member of the organization, B. M. also confirmed this claim.
The prosecutor indicated that C.K.’s notes suggested that Pekgöz made speeches “to the organization’s press committee” and “asked press officers during a meeting on February 19th 2009 at Özgür Gündem newspaper to be more meticulous about their duties and responsibilities.”
The indictment listed the following evidence from “the statements of witnesses with ties to the organization, secret witnesses and suspects”:
1- Secret witness Bahar’s statement: “Pekgöz is a Turkey executive of the Press Committee, who works on behalf of the Press Committee”.
2- Secret witness Cemile’s statement: “I know Ramazan Pekgöz participated in some of the conferences…”.
3- Secret witness B.Y.’s statement “Pekgöz worked as editor at the newspaper Azadiye Welat”.
4- Suspect B. M’s claim: “Ramazan Pekgöz participated in the 3. and 5. YRD conferences under the nom de guerre ‘Baran’”.
The following pieces of evidence were included in the file as a result of the examination of the digital materials seized from Pekgöz:
1- An interview with Prof. Fikret Başkaya about his book “Creating the New Paradigm” found on a hard disk.
The prosecutor stated that Pekgöz tried to “connect the arguments in the book with Öcalan’s ideas through his interview questions”.
2- An article found on the hard disk (according to the prosecutor) about art, based on “Öcalan’s books Sociology of Freedom, Civilization Crisis in the Middle East and the Democratic Civilization as Solution, From Sumerian Priest States to Democratic Civilization”.
3- An article titled “Worldwide Experiences in Truth Commissions” found on the hard disk, by journalist C. K.
The prosecutor claimed that the article was penned after Öcalan’s “call for the establishment of truth commissions”.
4- An interview with DTK Co-Chair Aysel Tuğluk about DTK, found on the hard disk.
In the indictment it was stated that “It was penned also by Nelson Mandela’s attorney Essa Moosa”. It is not clear whether this referred to an article by Moosa or an interview with Moosa.
The prosecutor claimed that “the Press Committee tried to portray Öcalan as a peace activist who dedicated himself to his people’s freedom, with similar examples from the world” and that the text “pointed to similarities between Mandela’s and Öcalan’s struggles”.
5- A text found on the hard disk “created by Nasrullah Kuran, about capitalism and democracy, based on quotations from Öcalan’s meeting minutes with his lawyers and his books”.
In the legal assessment concerning Pekgöz, the prosecutor stated that “He was an officer in the Turkish executive board of the Press Committee” and that “he worked as writer and editor for the newspapers Özgür Gündem, Azadiya Welat, Günlük as well as DİHA”.
The prosecutor claimed that Pekgöz “participated in the YRD meetings dated 2005 and 2009” as well as “narrow meetings with the senior leaders of the organization”, stating that he tried to present his meeting with Murat Karayılan as “a journalistic activity, but the interview and news story clearly spread propaganda to uphold the organization and its purposes.”
The prosecutor claimed that Pekgöz “used the nom de guerre Baran”, “communicated the instructions from senior leaders to the individuals running the organization’s press and media outlets” and accused Pekgöz of “leadership of a terror organization.”
In the indictment, the prosecutor charged Pekgöz with “establishing and leading an armed terror organization” as per Turkish Penal Code 314/1, demanding 10 to 15 years of imprisonment. However, he requested that the prison sentence be extended by half as per Anti-Terror Law Article 5. As such, Pekgöz faces 15 years to 22 years 6 months in prison for “establishing and leading an armed terror organization”.
Furthermore, the prosecutor demanded that Pekgöz be deprived of certain rights pursuant to Turkish Penal Code Article 53.
The “KCK Press Trial”, marked by debates on the right to defense in the mother tongue, was held at 15th High Criminal Court with Special Authority (10 episodes consisting of 32 sessions) from September 10th, 2012 to March 3rd, 2014. The hearings started at Çağlayan Courthouse and were moved to the courtroom in the Silivri campus on November 12th, 2012. From March 26th, 2014 to January 11th, 2018, 15 hearings were held at Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court located in the Çağlayan Courthouse.
Defendants detained in different prisons, including Ramazan Pekgöz, were brought to Silivri for the hearings planned to last many days. After the trials ended, they were taken back to their prisons by road.
At the beginning of the trial, protests took place within the courtroom upon the rejection of requests for defense in the mother tongue. Afterwards, all journalists detained under the “KCK” investigation and their lawyers started a hunger strike. Defendants continued to respond in Kurdish and Zazaki during ID confirmation.
Frequently debates and protests erupted during the hearings, lawyers’ microphones were turned off, and the courtroom was evacuated upon the orders of the judge. 15. High Criminal Court filed six charges against the audience, lawyers and defendants for allegedly “protesting the court by applause” or “making statements that go beyond the limits of defense to constitute crime”.
It took six hearings to read out loud the 800-page indictment, and the 185-page indictment against two other defendants whose files were merged with the main case. The indictments were read out in turns by two TRT announcers, mainly to an empty hall. When the reading out of the indictments was completed at the 12th session on April 22nd, 2013, 11 of the 37 prisoners had been released.
In the 12th session on April 22nd, 2013, translators from the Kurdish Institute, which the lawyers had invited for interpretation from Kurdish were also in attendance. DİHA editor Ertuş Bozkurt, one of the detained defendants, read out the 25-page Kurdish defense drafted on behalf of all defendants. Detained defendants presented their individual defenses after this joint defense. The defense of the detained defendants was completed at the 17th hearing on June 18th, 2013. The defendants who were not detained commenced their defenses at the 19th hearing on September 25th, 2013, after the completion of the statements of lawyers of the detained defendants.
The 7th hearing of the trial was held on November 16th, 2012. Lawyer Hüseyin Boğatekin presented the defense against the charges concerning Pekgöz. Boğatekin said about Pekgöz that “he is paying the price of being a news manager, being charged with leading a terrorist organization”. Stating that the indictment included Pekgöz’s interview with Karayılan, Boğatekin indicated that Pekgöz had already been tried and acquitted for this interview and said that his client was tried on the basis of “intangible, artificial, hypothetical evidence”.
Lawyer Ercan Kanar also said that evidence obtained from a journalist tried in another file was added to the indictment, but the journalist in question stated that those documents did not belong to him; he demanded that this person be heard in court.
The 11th hearing of the trial took place on November 8th, 2013. Lawyer Davut Erkan criticized the indictment. He said that Ramazan Pekgöz, the news manager of the newspaper, faced bizarre accusations such as “determining the news articles to be published in the newspaper, making decisions and distributing tasks accordingly”.
The 13th hearing of the trial took place on April 24th, 2012. Ramazan Pekgöz presented his defense in Kurdish. Pekgöz said, “I will not make a legal defense against this unlawful indictment. I do not accept this indictment; however, I’ve been in prison for 17 months. I want to talk about a few things, and convey my thoughts.”
Explaining that “Kurdish press had been subjected to pressure and violence for 115 years,” Pekgöz said the following:
“All of the allegations and evidence in the indictment are based on news stories that I penned as a journalist. I do not deny these news stories, and I fully accept them as mine. This is my job, just like the case with any journalist. I should not be in prison, instead I should be outside doing my job.”
The 15th hearing of the trial took place on April 26th, 2013. Attorney Fırat Epözdemir presented to the court the verdict of acquittal from the trial where Pekgöz was tried for his interview with Murat Karayılan. He also presented interviews with Karayılan published by mainstream media.
The 18th hearing of the trial was held on June 19th, 2013. Lawyer Bahri Belen stated that Pekgöz went abroad every two months and that these travels cannot be associated with the conferences in question.
He stated that the accusation of “Press Conference membership” was based on telephone calls; however, the people with whom Pekgöz spoke were his colleagues, the newspaper’s writers, editor-in-chief, etc.
He stated that the calls concerned news stories to be published, articles to be written, and interviews to be conducted about current affairs.
Criticizing the inclusion of various interviews as evidence in the indictment, lawyer Epözdemir stated that the secret witness statements in the file did not contain clear and precise information. Epözdemir emphasized that “although the defendants are alleged to be the members of an organization called KCK, the defendants did not possess any weapon of crime, and did not take any violent action or any action that could be linked to violence.
Emphasizing that the evidence in the file was obtained through wiretapping between 2008 and 2011, Epözdemir demanded the release of the defendants saying that there was a possibility of tampering with such evidence.
At the 27th hearing on December 3rd, 2013, Pekgöz took the floor again to talk about the evidence.
Presenting his defense in Kurdish via an interpreter, Pekgöz said that he had been in prison for more than two years, so the 10-minute time limit set by the president of the panel of judges was not correct.
President of the panel of judges reiterated to Pekgöz that he had 10 minutes.
Pekgöz said that the indictment repeated dozens of times the statements for which he was accused of terrorism. He explained that the calls shown as evidence against him were simply talks with colleagues and news sources, and mentioned the 13 calls in question one by one. He stated that all of them were journalistic activities.
The president of the panel of judges warned Pekgöz that his time for defense had expired. Lawyers and Pekgöz reacted against the time constraint. The president turned off Pekgöz’s microphone, saying that the 10 minutes had expired.
Lawyer Ruşen Mahmutoğlu stated that the defenses were presented via an interpreter, and that this had to be taken into account when setting the time limit. He emphasized that the defendants had not previously made any statement about the evidence, and argued that there should be no time limit. There were more discussions about the time limit issue in court. However, the court applied the 10-minute time limit to other defendants as well.
The 30th hearing of the trial took place on January 13th, 2014. At the time, there was a hot public debate about whether the Courts with Special Authority were going to be abolished. Lawyers argued that this debate made controversial the court which conducted the “KCK Press” trial. Due to this reason, lawyers demanded that the proceedings at Istanbul 15th High Criminal Court be suspended and that the detainees be released. The court rejected this demand.
Courts with Special Authority were indeed abolished with a law that came into force on February 21st, 2014.
The last hearing of the “KCK Press Trial” at İstanbul 15th High Criminal Court with Special Authority was held on March 3rd, 2014. The file was then transferred to the Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court.
Six detained defendants including Pekgöz were released on May 12th, 2015 as a result of the routine detention examination, by the order of the 3. High Criminal Court. As such, there remained no detained defendant in the trial.
The trial began on July 10th, 2014, at Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court in Çağlayan Courthouse.
The ban on the traveling abroad of 37 defendants was lifted in the first hearing at Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court.
At the 10th hearing, Judge ordered that the journalists’ passports be annulled as per a State of Emergency Decree Law.
The lawyers said that upon the abolition of Courts with Special Authority, the trial had lost its legal grounding. They argued that the continuation of these proceedings at high criminal courts was against the Constitution. The Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court indeed referred the file to the Constitutional Court on allegations of unconstitutionality. The court waited for a response from the Constitutional Court for two hearings. The Constitutional Court sent no answer to the court for 16 months. The court then decided to continue the trial.
In the subsequent hearings, the lawyers reiterated their demand for waiting for the Constitutional Court’s ruling and the acquittal of all defendants. Lawyers said that most of the law enforcement officers, prosecutors and judges involved in the investigation and prosecution of the trial before the trial was transferred to Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court were now under arrest or on the run after the July 15th military coup attempt. Lawyers demanded that the legal measures taken against these individuals be included in the file. The court accepted this request. However, the court also ruled that all the other investigations and prosecutions concerning the journalists would also be included in the file.
Of the 46 defendants, only İsmet Kayhan, who is on the run, has not presented his defense in court. Even the “evidence assessment” phase has not been completed yet.
Judicial information about the officials involved in the investigation and prosecution phase has yet to be included in the file. İsmet Kayhan has not been arrested.
Although the lawsuit was launched in September 2012, the prosecution still has not submitted its opinion as to the accusations.
The 16th hearing of the trial took place on May 9th, 2019. The prosecution has still not submitted its opinion as to the accusations although trial began in September 2012.
The 18th hearing was held on February 25th, 2020. Pekgöz did not attend this hearing.
The 19th hearing of the trial took place on July 2nd. The president of the court stated that the writ sent to the General Secretariat of Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HSK) about the progress in the trial was added to the case file. Accordingly, HSK demanded information from the court for the disciplinary investigation against Bilal Bayraktar, a prosecutor dismissed for alleged “membership of the Fethullahist Terror Organization.” Bayraktar was the prosecutor in charge of indictment and hearings at KCK Press Trial. Journalist Çağdaş Ulus’ lawyer Mehtap Acar Ulus stated that her client was included in the trial via manipulation. She demanded that his file be separated from the collective file and Ulus be acquitted. The court ruled to await the execution of the arrest warrant against İsmet Kayhan, who lives abroad.
The trial was adjourned until December 1st, 2020.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) rejected the journalists’ application concerning this file in November 2019, pointing to non-exhaustion of domestic remedies -namely, the filing of an individual application with the Constitutional Court. However, at the time the journalists were arrested and had filed an application with ECHR, it was not yet possible to file an individual application with the Constitutional Court in Turkey. Therefore, the requirement of exhausting the individual application to the Constitutional Court before applying to ECHR did not exist yet.
Duruşma, gelen evrakların tutanağa geçirilmesiyle başladı.
Mahkeme heyeti başkanı; Hakimler ve Savcılar Kurulu (HSK) Genel Sekreterliği’nden bu yargılamanın geldiği aşama ile ilgili bilginin istendiği yazının dosyaya eklendiğini açıkladı. Buna göre, HSK; “Fethullahçı Terör Örgütü üyesi olduğu” iddiasıyla meslekten çıkarılan savcı Bilal Bayraktar ile ilgili disiplin soruşturması için mahkemeden bilgi istiyordu. Savcı Bayraktar, “KCK Basın” yargılamasının soruşturma ve iddianame savcısıydı.
Gazeteci Çağdaş Ulus’un avukatı Mehtap Acar Ulus, Çağdaş Ulus’un bir manipülasyon yoluyla bu davaya dahil edildiğini söyledi. Çağdaş Ulus hakkındaki dosyanın, bu dosyadan ayrılmasını ve Ulus’un beraatini talep etti.
Hakimler ve Savcılar Kurulu‘nun (HSK) savcı Bilal Bayraktar hakkındaki disiplin soruşturması kapsamında, “KCK Basın” yargılamasıyla ilgili gelişmelerin ve kararın HSK Genel Sekreterliği’ne bildirilmesine yönelik yazı, dosyaya eklendi.
“FETÖ üyesi olduğu” iddiasıyla meslekten çıkartılan savcı Bayraktar, “KCK Basın” dosyasının da soruşturma ve iddianame savcısıydı.
Çağdaş Ulus müdafii avukat Mehtap Acar Ulus, müvekkili hakkında beraat talebiyle yazılı beyan sundu. Ulus’un dosyasının KCK Basın dosyasından ayrılmasını talep etti.
Diğer sanık müdafiileri, bu aşamada bir talepleri olmadığını söyledi.
Mahkeme, Çağdaş Ulus’un dosyasının ayrılması yönündeki talebini reddetti.
HSK’nın iddianame savcısı Bilal Bayraktar hakkında yürüttüğü disiplin soruşturması için, yargılamanın her aşamasının HSK Genel Sekreterliği’ne bildirilmesine karar verildi.
Ayrıca, sanıklardan yurtdışında ikamet eden İsmet Kayhan hakkındaki yakalama kararının yerine getirilmesinin beklenmesine karar verildi.
Yargılamanın, 1 Aralık 2020 tarihinde görülecek 20. duruşma ile devam etmesine karar verildi.
Güvenlik görevlisi, bariyerlerin geçilmesine izin verdi. Duruşma öncesi salonun önü boştu. Avukatlar tam duruşma saatinde, salonun önüne geldi.
Avukatlardan birinin beklenmesine karar verildi. Avukatın, o sırada başka bir mahkemede karar beklediği için geciktiği belirtildi.
Duruşma 10 dakika gecikmeli başladı.
Mahkeme Salonu Koşulları
Mahkeme salonunda yaklaşık 25 kişilik oturma alanı vardı. “Koronavirüs” pandemisi karşısında alınan tedbirleri kapsamında, sosyal mesafenin sağlanması için sandalyelere birer aralıkla bantlar çekilmişti.
Duruşmaya, Medya ve Hukuk Çalışmaları Derneği (MLSA) ve Türkiye Gazeteciler Sendikası’ndan gözlemciler katıldı.
Duruşma 18 dakika sürdü.
Pandemi nedeniyle izleme alanında fiziksel mesafe önlemleri alınmıştı ancak salonda bulunan mahkeme başkanı, iki heyet üyesi, savcı ve katip arasında sadece bir mahkeme heyeti üyesi maskesini takıyordu.
Mahkeme başkanı duruşma boyunca mikrofonunu kullanmadı ve kısık sesle konuştu. Söyledikleri izleyiciler tarafından duyulmadı.
Duruşma öngörülen saatten 10 dakika sonra başladı, karar için verilen 5 dakikalık ara dahil, toplam 35 dakika sürdü.
Duruşmaya, Ses ve Görüntülü Bilişim Sistemi (SEGBİS) ile katılması beklenen Yüksel Genç, mahkeme salonunda hazır bulundu. Genç, yaptığı savunmayı ayrıca yazılı olarak da sundu.
Genç savunmasında, hakkında İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde görülen ve daha sonra “KCK Basın” ile birleştirilen dosyanın iddianamesine tepki gösterdi. Demokratik Toplum Kongresi (DTK) kuruculuğuyla suçlandığı bu dosyadaki deliller arasında hakkındaki teknik takip delillerinin de gösterildiğini, ancak kendisinin o tarihlerde “KCK Basın” davasından tutuklu olduğunu açıkladı.
DTK’da 2009-2011 arası görev yaptığını ve DTK’nın yasadışı bir yapı olmadığını söyledi, suçlamaları reddetti. TBMM Anayasa Komisyonu’nun DTK’dan resmi olarak görüş istediğine dair belgeyi mahkemeye sundu.
Sanıklardan Hüseyin Deniz de salonda hazır bulundu. Deniz bu aşamada söyleyecek bir şeyi olmadığını ifade etti.
Ardından Çağdaş Ulus’un avukatlığını üstlenen eşi sözü aldı. Ulus’la 5 senedir tanıştıklarını, çocuklarının 1 yaşında olduğunu ancak bu davanın halen devam ettiğini söyledi. Ayrıca eşi Ulus’un 2011’de gözaltına alınmadan birkaç ay önce zorunlu askerlik hizmetini yerine getirdiğini anlattı; teröristlikle suçlanmasına tepki gösterdi. Dosyasının ayrılmasını talep etti.
Ardından söz alan diğer tüm sanıklar müdafii Özcan Kılıç, öncelikle Yüksel Genç’in duruşmalardan vareste tutulmasını talep etti. Sanıklardan Ziya Çiçekçi hakkında açılan başka bir dosyanın birleştirilmesini de istedi.
Kılıç, müvekkillerinin DTK üyesi olmakla suçlandığını, ancak DTK’nın yasadığı bir yapı olmadığını anlattı. DTK’nın yasadışı bir örgüt olup olmadığının tespit edilmesini talep etti.
Avukat Kılıç, “KCK Basın’ dosyasının soruşturma aşamasında gözaltına alınan, o dönem AFP (Agence France Presse, Fransız Haber Ajansı) muhabiri Mustafa Özer’in MİT ajanı olduğunun ortaya çıktığını” iddia etti. İlk başta şüpheli listesinde yer alan ancak şu an dosyada bulunmayan Özer’in mahkeme huzurunda dinlenmesini talep etti.
Mahkeme karar için 5 dakika ara verdi.
Mahkeme sanıkların ve müdafilerinin tüm taleplerini reddetti.
İsmet Kayhan hakkındaki yakalama emrinin infazının beklenmesine karar verdi.
Bir sonraki duruşma 2 Temmuz 2020 saat 10.00’da görülecek.
Duruşmadan birkaç dakika önce polis barikatı açılarak gazetecilerin salon önüne geçişine izin verildi.
Mahkeme Salonu Koşulları
Mahkeme salonu yaklaşık 30 kişilikti. Mahkeme başkanı mikrofon kullanmadı ve duruşmada konuşulan hiçbir şey izleyici bölümünden duyulmadı.
Duruşmaya sanık müdafii olarak sekiz avukat katıldı. Duruşmayı; Gazetecileri Koruma Komitesi (CPJ), P24 ve Medya ve Hukuk Çalışmaları Derneği (MLSA) temsilcileri takip etti.
Duruşma öngörülen saatten 10 dakika sonra başladı, karar için verilen 5 dakikalık ara dahil, toplam 35 dakika sürdü.
Duruşma devam ederken, bir sonraki duruşmanın SEGBİS bağlantısı kuruldu ve SEGBİS’le bağlanan kişi kendi duruşmasını bekledi.
Duruşma esnasında mahkeme başkanının sanıklardan Yüksel Genç’e “sen” diyerek hitap etmesine bir avukat itiraz etti. Mahkeme başkanı “Bu sen-siz tartışması yıllardır sürüyor” dedi ve “sen” ifadesinin sıkıntılı bir ifade olmadığını söyleyerek duruşmaya devam etti.
Mahkeme karar için ara verdiğinde salon boşaltıldı. Ancak savcının salonda oturuyordu. 5 dakika sonra salonun kapısı açıldı. Mahkeme başkanının bir sonraki duruşma tarihini söylemesiyle duruşma sona erdi. Mahkeme başkanı erkek, heyetin iki üyesi kadın hakimdi.
Bir önceki duruşmada, sanıklardan Yüksel Genç hakkında İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde görülen dosyanın KCK Basın dosyasıyla birleştirilmesi talebi, İstanbul 3. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi tarafından reddedilmişti.
İki duruşma arasında, İstinaf Mahkemesi; Genç hakkındaki iki dosyanın İstanbul 3. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde birleştirilmesine resen karar verdi.
Yargılamanın 17. duruşması, bu kararın dosyaya eklenmesiyle başladı. Yeni dosya eklendiği için Genç’in tekrar savunma sunması istendi. Avukat Özcan Kılıç, Genç’in savunması için Diyarbakır’da hazır edileceğini ifade etti.
Sanıklardan Ziya Çiçekçi hakkında, “terör örgütü yayınlarını basmak ve yayınlamak” suçlamasıyla İstanbul 15. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde görülen dosyanın İstanbul 3. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde birleştirilmesi için muvafakat (kabul etme) yazısı geldi. Avukat Özcan Kılıç da dosyaların birleştirilmesi talebinde bulundu.
Avukat Mehtap Acar Ulus, FETÖ suçlamasıyla yargılanan ve etkin pişmanlıktan yararlanan bir emniyet müdürünün, müvekkili Çağdaş Ulus’un sahte delillerle tutuklandığına dair ifadelerinin olduğunu belirtti ve bu konudaki delilleri mahkemeye sundu. Müvekkili Ulus’un dosyasının ayrılmasını talep etti.
Mahkeme, sanıklardan Yüksel Genç’in bir sonraki duruşmada savunmasını Ses ve Görüntü Bilişim Sistemi üzerinden (SEGBİS) sunmak üzere Diyarbakır’da bir mahkemede hazır edilmesi için talimat yazılmasına karar verdi.
Çağdaş Ulus’un dosyasının ayrılması yönündeki talebi reddetti. Ziya Çiçekçi’nin dosyasının birleştirilmesi talebini de reddetti.
İsmet Kayhan hakkındaki yakalama kararının infazının beklenmesine de karar veren mahkeme bir sonraki duruşmanın 25 Şubat 2020 saat 10.30’da görüleceğini açıkladı.
Duruşma öncesi gazetecilerin bir kısmının barikattan geçip mahkeme salonu önünde beklemesine izin verildi.
Mahkeme salonu önü kalabalıklaştıktan sonra ise barikattan geçişler kapatıldı. İki gazetecinin salon önüne yaklaşkasına duruşma başladığı ana kadar izin verilmedi.
Gazeteciler ve güvenlik görevlileri arasında tartışma yaşandı. Gazetecilerden biri, güvenlik görevlisine “keyfi davrandığını” söyledi. Bunun üzerine güvenlik görevlisi barikatı kapatarak “Sadece senin geçişine izin vermiyorum, keyfi değil mi” dedi.
Duruşmanın başlamasıyla, güvenlik şefi gelerek, gazetecilerin içeri girişini sağladı.
Mahkeme Salonu koşulları
Mahkeme salonu katılımcı sayısına göre genişti. Mahkeme başkanı mikrofon kullanmadı ve duruşmada konuşulan hiçbir şey izleyici bölümünden duyulmadı.
Duruşmaya sanık müdafii olarak altı avukat katıldı. Duruşmayı, P24 ve Medya ve Hukuk Çalışmaları Derneği (MLSA) temsilcileri ve gazeteciler takip etti.
Duruşma öngörülen saatten 40 dakika sonra başladı, 25 dakika sürdü.
Salona girdikten sonra yaklaşık 10 dakika boyunca mahkeme katibi dosyayla ilgili telefonda konuştu. İzleyici bölümünden sadece “Burası terör mahkemesi değil” cümlesi duyuldu.
Avukatlar, konuşmanın; sanıklardan Yüksel Genç’in İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde açılan dava dosyasının KCK Basın dosyasıyla birleştirilmesiyle ilgili olduğunu açıkladı.
Duruşma başladığında, avukatlardan biri başka bir adliyede de duruşması olduğu için ayrılacağını ifade etti. Bunun üzerine mahkeme başkanı öfkelendi, birkaç dakikalık bir tartışma yaşandı.
Mahkeme karar için ara verdiğinde salon boşaltıldı. Beş dakika sonra salonun kapısı açıldı. Mahkeme başkanının bir sonraki duruşma tarihini söylemesiyle duruşma sona erdi.
Mahkeme heyeti üyelerinden biri değişmişti. Mahkeme başkanı erkek, heyetin iki üyesi kadın hakimdi.
Mahkeme Başkanı, mikrofon kullanmadığı için 10 dakika süren duruşma boyunca katılımcılar çok az şey duyabildi.
Daha sonra duruşma tutanağından edinilen bilgiye göre, İstanbul İl Emniyet Müdürlüğü’nün sanık Dilek Demiral’ın pasaportu üzerindeki şerhin kaldırılması şeklindeki işlemlerin devam ettiği yönünde cevabı dosyaya eklendi.
Ayrıca “KCK Basın” soruşturmasını yürüten emniyet görevlileri hakkında görevi kötüye kullanma suçlamasıyla İstanbul 26. Asliye Ceza Mahkemesinde görülen yargılamanın devam ettiğine dair cevap ve duruşma zaptı örneği de mahkemeye ulaştı. Avukat Özcan Kılıç, Ocak 2019’da görülen bir önceki duruşmada bu davanın akıbetinin öğrenilmesini talep etmişti.
Mahkeme Başkanı, sanıklardan Yüksel Genç hakkında İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde bir dava açıldığını ve İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nin kendilerine birleştirme kararı gönderdiğini söyledi. Mahkeme Başkanı, İstanbul 3. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi heyeti olarak birleştirmeye onay vermediklerini söyledi.
Duruşma savcısı, bu duruşmada da esas hakkındaki mütalaasını açıklamadı; eksiklerin giderilmesini mütalaa etti.
Mahkeme ara vermeden, kararını açıkladı.
Sanıklardan Yüksel Genç hakkında İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde açılan davanın İstanbul 3. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’ndeki dosyayla birleştirilmesini kabul etmeyen mahkeme, dosyayı İstanbul Bölge Adliye Mahkemesi’ne gönderdi.
Bir sonraki duruşmanın 22 Ekim 2019 saat 10.00’a bırakılmasına karar verildi.
Avukatlar ve iki muhabirin salona girmesinin ardından salonun kapısı kapandı. Kapı kapandıktan sonra gelen izleyicilerin içeri alınmasına zorluk çıkarıldı.
Duruşmaya altı avukat katıldı. Duruşmayı; P24, Medya ve Hukuk Çalışmaları Derneği (MLSA) ve Türkiye Gazeteciler Sendikası’ndan temsilciler ve muhabirler takip etti.
Mahkeme başkanı mikrofon kullanmadığı için, izleyici alanından sadece, sanıklardan Yüksel Genç’in dosyası ile ilgili konuşmalar ve bir sonraki duruşma tarihi duyulabildi.
Duruşma 10 dakika sürdü.
Duruşma saatinde başladı ve 10 dakika sürdü.
Avukat Özcan Kılıç “KCK Basın” soruşturmasını yürüten emniyet görevlileri hakkında “görevi kötüye kullanma” suçlamasıyla İstanbul 26. Asliye Ceza Mahkemesi’nde açılan davanın akıbetinin öğrenilmesini talep etti.
“KCK Basın” soruşturmasını yürüten emniyet görevlileri hakkında “görevi kötüye kullanma” suçlamasıyla İstanbul 26. Asliye Ceza Mahkemesi’nde açılan davanın akıbetinin sorulmasına karar verildi.
Dava, 9 Mayıs 2019 gününe bırakıldı.
Duruşma öngörülen saatte başladı. Öncesinde sanık gazeteciler ile duruşmayı takibe gelen gazeteciler sohbet etti. Duruşma öncesi herhangi bir destek açıklaması yapılmadı.
Mahkeme Salonu Koşulları
Mahkeme salonu katılımcı sayısına göre genişti. Mahkeme başkanı mikrofon kullanmadı ve sözleri katılımcılar tarafından duyulmadı.
Duruşmaya iki sanık ve dokuz avukat katıldı. Dört muhabir duruşmayı haber/rapor amacıyla takip etti.
Duruşma yıllardır sürdüğü, halen esas hakkında mütalaa verilmediği ve davada ilerleme olmadığı için duruşmaya katılım çok düşüktü.
“KCK Press” Trial (Indictment)
“KCK Press” Trial 15. Standing (Minutes of the Hearing)
“KCK Press” Trial 16. Standing (Minutes of the Hearing)
“KCK Press” Trial 17. Standing (Minutes of the Hearing)
“KCK Press” Trial 18. Standing (Minutes of the Hearing)
“KCK Press” Trial 19. Standing (Minutes of the Hearing)
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