Sultan Güneş Ünsal

She was born in Kırşehir in 1965. She studied at Istanbul University, School of Press and Publishing.

She worked in Dünya Newspaper for a while and then in various magazines.

In 2008, she started to work as an English language editor at Dicle News Agency (DİHA), which was later closed down by a Decree Law issued on October 26th, 2016 under the State of Emergency (OHAL). During the state of emergency, a number of media outlets were closed with decrees laws issued by the government, without submitting them to the approval of the Assembly.

She was among 36 journalists detained on December 20th, 2011 as part of an investigation known to the public as the “KCK Press Trial”. She was referred to the court with a request for her arrest on charges of “membership of an armed terrorist organization”, but released on December 23rd, 2011.

For the same charges, she faces a prison sentence of 7 years, 6 months to 15 years. The prosecution has yet to submit an opinion as to the accusations although the trial began in September 2012.

“KCK Press” Trial

49 journalists and media professionals working for “Kurdish media” outlets, namely Dicle News Agency (DİHA), Özgür Gündem Newspaper, Fırat News Agency (ANF) and Roj TV were arrested in the early morning hours on December 20th, 2011, with police raids on their homes or media outlets in Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Van, Adana and Diyarbakır.

On December 20th, 2011, armed police raided the İstanbul home of Sultan Güneş Ünsal, an editor with the shuttered Dicle News Agency (DİHA). Ünsal was detained during the raid. She exercised her right to remain silent at the police station.

The journalists and media professionals thus detained were taken on the next day to the Istanbul Police Department’s Anti-Terror Branch on Vatan Avenue, Istanbul.

A “confidentiality / restriction order” was issued regarding the case. As a result, the journalists in custody were initially unable to learn the charges against them.

Ünsal exercised her right to remain silent at the police.

Seven of the journalists taken under custody on December 23rd, 2011 after the prosecutor’s interrogation.

During the interrogation summarized in the indictment, Ünsal said that “she worked as an English translator at DİHA, translated the news published on the website into English, was not part of KCK Press Committee, and that some of the materials seized were not her own because she did not have a separate room in the agency.”

42 journalists and media professionals, including Ünsal, were referred to the court with a request for their arrest. 36 of the journalists were arrested. Ünsal was released pending trial.

The indictment against 44 journalists and media professionals, including Sultan Güneş Ünsal, an editor with the now shuttered DİHA, was completed on April 27th, 2012 by Istanbul Public Prosecutor’s Office.

In the indictment, it was claimed that the so-called “KCK / PKK Press Committee” and “Democratic Enlightenment Union” (Yekîtiya Ragihandina Demokratik - YRD) guided the editorial policy and news coverage of the “Kurdish media”.

Dicle News Agency (DİHA), Fırat Publishing and Distribution Company, Gün Printing House (which printed the newspapers Azadiya Welat, Denge Welat, Özgür Gündem, Yeni Demokratik Toplum, Yeni Demokratik Yaşam, Yeni Demokratik Ulus and the magazines Özgür Halk, Demokratik Modernite, Yurtsever Gençlik), Fırat News Agency (ANF), Azadiya Welat Newspaper, Özgür Gündem Newspaper and other daily and weekly newspapers in Turkish; as well as various media or news outlets, including Roj TV, Medya TV, and Mezopotamya Radio, were listed among “KCK / PKK’s media outlets” in the indictment.

The indictment added that “KCK / PKK’s Press Committee has been holding regular meetings since 2001 to consolidate the hierarchy within the organization’s media network, and Press Conferences have transformed into YRD Conferences over time”, and that “The Press Committee’s editorial policy focused on establishing the state of Kurdistan”.

Journalistic activities were presented as “terror group’s activities” in the indictment. The indictment made frequent use of allegations and definitions such as “so-called journalism activities”, “news designed to denigrate the state”, “terror group-driven journalism”, “an independent journalist would not have penned such news stories” and “the photographs found in the computer denigrated state officials”.

37 pages of the 800-page indictment were dedicated to explaining the “KCK / PKK structure”; this section featured the arguments of the prosecutor as well as statements by three members of the organization and three secret witnesses who were captured or had surrendered. In addition, Abdullah Öcalan’s talks with his lawyers and the latters’ correspondence with each other were also included.

The next 100 pages offered a history of the “Kurdish media”. There were claims regarding the relationship between the organization and the newspapers, magazines, radios, televisions and web sites going back to the 1970s.

The prosecution claimed that many media outlets, especially DİHA, Fırat News Agency (ANF), Roj TV, were “broadcasting to serve the purposes of KCK / PKK”. The news, images, articles and interviews shared among these media outlets; statements of secret witnesses and suspects; and “KCK Charter’s sections related to the press” were presented to support these claims.

Journalists’ news stories, journalistic activities and coverage for media outlets such as Roj TV and ANF were presented as criminal activities.

In the indictment, 44 journalists and media employees were charged with “membership or leadership of a terrorist organization”.

The materials seized in Ünsal’s house included hard disks, computer, video tapes, phone card, CD / DVDs, phone directory, SIM card, 90 pages of documents, disks of foreign language learning programs, flash memory, DİHA ID card, and “DİHA press card”.

The seized magazines and reports were listed as follows:

1- 10th issue of the magazine “Ateş Hırsızı” dated April-May 1999.
2- “1991 OHAL Regional Report” booklet published by Melsa Publications run by Human Rights Association.
3- 8th issue of the magazine “Karam Mecmua” dated January-February 2003.
4- Özgür Halk ve Demokratik Modernite Magazine’s June-July 2011 issue.

The evidence added to the indictment as a result of the examination of materials seized during Ünsal’s detention were listed as follows:

1- A 17-minute video interview. The prosecutor’s office claimed that the video contained the statements “Kurdistan” at 04:23 and “the Kurdish ‘opening’ is happening thanks to the struggle of the Kurdish people” at 05:40.
2- Interview video with the president of the Socialist Party’s provincial branch.
According to the prosecutor, the interview touched on issues such as “The need for the state to accept Öcalan as an interlocutor, and the necessity for both sides to put down arms.”
3- A 17-minute interview video with Samsun University students.
According to the prosecutor, in the interview, there were remarks such as “PKK declares a ceasefire; however, KCK trials continue at full speed” and “the Kurdish struggle was just”. It was claimed that footage “served to justify the actions of the KCK / PKK terrorist organization, which claims to carry out its actions to defend the rights of citizens of Kurdish origin.”
4- A Word document titled “Assessment of the Political Situation”. Only a summary of the document was placed in the indictment, with only sentences including the word “Kurdistan” being quoted. The prosecutor assessed this text saying “They want to change the lives of people living in the Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia region, which they call Kurdistan, and they want to launch supposedly democratic struggles around the time of Nevruz, and initiate a serhildan (uprising) and so-called guerrilla movement”.
5- Music file titled “06-Gerillayen Kahreman”. In his assessment about this song, the prosecutor said “The song presents as heroes the so-called guerillas, who are the organization’s operators in the rural areas, considers the KCK / PKK terrorist organization as a guide, and spreads propaganda to motivate the members of the organization.”
6- Ünsal’s seized phone directory included contacts such as the writers Vedat Türkali, İhsan Eliaçık, Ayşe Berktay, publisher Deniz Zarakolu who was detained in the KCK operation, politicians Dursun Yıldız, Cesim Soylu, and Öcalan’s lawyers İbrahim Bilmez. The prosecutor stated that “there are around 20 individuals detained on charges of abetting PKK, KCK, DHKP-C”.
7- A news story that started with the phrase “Şanlıurfa DİHA”, which the prosecutor claimed to be “praising the terrorist organization PKK, and provoking the populace”. In the indictment, the news text was not included.
8- A text including a statement that Abdullah Öcalan was “the key leader for the Kurds, and a peaceful solution could be possible only with his involvement.”
9- A text which “praised” Abdullah Öcalan and described him as “the leader of Kurds”.
10- A news story titled “12 individuals arrested with various weapons in Southern Kurdistan”.
11- A text of a statement by “Apoist Youth Initiative”
12- “A map which showed the Turkish republic divided, with a line from Artvin to Diyarbakır carving out a country named Free Kurdistan, which also included some regions of Iraq, Iran and Syria.”

In his evaluation of these documents, the prosecutor claimed that Ünsal was “in contact with many people investigated on suspicion of working for the terror organization.” He also claimed that she had “a lot of documents praising the organization”.

The phone calls listed in the indictment as a result of wiretapping were as follows:

1- A phone conversation in March 2009 with Özgür Gündem newspaper’s editor -and defendant in the trial- Ayşe Oyman.
2- A phone conversation in May 2008 with a DİHA reporter.
3- A phone conversation in September 2009 with someone calling DİHA.
4- A phone conversation in October 2009 with Asrın Law Office.
5- A phone conversation in January 2010 with an individual called C.
6- A phone conversation in January 2010 with an individual called A.
7- A phone conversation in January 2010 with an individual called M.
8- A phone conversation in February 2010 with individuals called U. and Ö.

Only the dates and hours of these conversations were listed; and their content was provided not in the indictment but in the annex of the judiciary file. The indictment contained only brief summaries.

It was claimed that Ünsal was “from the Press Committee”, “followed if the lawyers of Abdullah Öcalan went to İmralı or not”, and “demanded information and photos from BDP about the BDP-affiliated mayors taken under custody during KCK operations.”

It was claimed that Ünsal “conducted interviews on individuals about the conditions put forth by KCK / PKK in the so-called peace process so as to shape the Turkish public agenda”.

It was stated in the indictment that Ünsal was detained three times in various protests and rallies in 1988 and 1990. Also it was indicated that Ünsal left Turkey twice and entered once in 2008 and 2011.

In the indictment, the prosecutor claimed that Ünsal was a part of the “Press Committee’s Turkey executive board.” He stated that she was working at DİHA and was responsible for the news stories.

He accused Ünsal with “penning various news and interviews in favor of the terrorist organization in order to shape public agenda”.

The prosecutor suggested that Ünsal was “in contact with Asrın Law Office” and “had documents of propaganda for the organization”, and charged Ünsal with “membership of an armed terrorist organization”.

The prosecutor thus charged Ünsal as per Turkish Penal Code 314/2, demanding 5 to 10 years of imprisonment. However, he requested that the prison sentence be extended by half as per Anti-Terror Law Article 5. As such, Ünsal faces 7 years, 6 months to 15 years in prison for “membership of an armed terror organization”.

Furthermore, the prosecutor demanded that Ünsal be deprived of certain rights pursuant to Turkish Penal Code Article 53.

The “KCK Press Trial”, marked by debates on the right to defense in the mother tongue, was held at 15th High Criminal Court with Special Authority (10 episodes consisting of 32 sessions) from September 10th, 2012 to March 3rd, 2014. The hearings started at Çağlayan Courthouse and were moved to the courtroom in the Silivri campus on November 12th, 2012. From March 26th, 2014 to January 11th, 2018, 15 hearings were held at Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court located in the Çağlayan Courthouse.

Defendants detained in different prisons, including the now shuttered DİHA’s English language editor Sultan Güneş Ünsal, were brought to Silivri for the hearings planned to last many days. After the trials ended, they were taken back to their prisons by road.

At the beginning of the trial, protests took place within the courtroom upon the rejection of requests for defense in the mother tongue. Afterwards, all journalists detained under the “KCK” investigation and their lawyers started a hunger strike. Defendants continued to respond in Kurdish and Zazaki during ID confirmation.

Frequently debates and protests erupted during the hearings, lawyers’ microphones were turned off, and the courtroom was evacuated upon the orders of the judge. 15. High Criminal Court filed six charges against the audience, lawyers and defendants for allegedly “protesting the court by applause” or “making statements that go beyond the limits of defense to constitute crime”.

It took six hearings to read out loud the 800-page indictment, and the 185-page indictment against two other defendants whose files were merged with the main case. The indictments were read out in turns by two TRT announcers, mainly to an empty hall. When the reading out of the indictments was completed at the 12th session on April 22nd, 2013, 11 of the 37 prisoners had been released.

In the 12th session on April 22nd, 2013, translators from the Kurdish Institute, which the lawyers had invited for interpretation from Kurdish were also in attendance. DİHA editor Ertuş Bozkurt, one of the detained defendants, read out the 25-page Kurdish defense drafted on behalf of all defendants. Detained defendants presented their individual defenses after this joint defense. The defense of the detained defendants was completed at the 17th hearing on June 18th, 2013. The defendants who were not detained commenced their defenses at the 19th hearing on September 25th, 2013, after the completion of the statements of lawyers of the detained defendants.

The 28th hearing of the trial was held on December 5th, 2013. Sultan Güneş Ünsal started her defense stating that she was a “socialist journalist”.

Indicating that she wanted to make quotations from news and columns published in mainstream media in her defense, Ünsal cited Ayşe Hür’s article titled “Was autonomy given to Kurds?” dated December 19th, 2010; the book “Private Letters of Atatürk” compiled by Sadi Borak; chapters from Hikmet Kıvılcımlı’s book “Prudential Force: People of the East” -pointing to their uses of the expression “Kurdistan” and discussions on autonomy.

Ünsal said, “I feel the responsibility to describe the area inhabited by the Kurdish people with their name” and gave examples from history pointing to the official uses of the word Kurdistan in state documents.

Ünsal said that she did not always use the expression “Kurdistan” in her news stories, because the media outlets or herself felt the need to censure themselves. She added that well-known columnist Nagehan Alçı published an article in the mainstream Milliyet newspaper in November 2013, titled “Turkey is Kurdistan; Kurdistan is Turkey”.

Then Ünsal began to recount her own journalism career. Explaining that they started working in 1989 to create the first daily newspaper of the “Kurdish independent journalistic tradition”, Ünsal stated that the Halk Gerçeği Newspaper started being published every two weeks first, was then published on a daily basis in 1990 and was rechristened Özgür Gündem.

She read out Hüseyin Aykol’s article in Özgür Gündem -also quoted in the indictment- titled “Kurdish Press Turns 111”, pointing to the state’s attempts to censor the “Kurdish media”.

“Even the fact that the newspaper had to frequently change its name, to Halk Gerçeği, Yeni Halk Gerçeği, Özgür Halk, Özgür Ülke, Gerçek, Gelecek, Yeni Ülke, Özgür Yaşam, Özgür Bakış, Demokrasi, Gündem, Günlük, 2000’de Yeni Gündem, Yedinci Gündem, Yaşamda Gündem, Ülkede Özgür Gündem, Alternatif shows how the free press tradition was suppressed”, she added.

Ünsal said that while all of this happened, the media outside the “socialist media” in Turkey did not write about the reality of the Kurds and added that journalist Mehmet Ali Birand, in his article titled “Let’s not deceive ourselves. PKK will not be eliminated in this way …” and dated October 13th, 2010 in Milliyet newspaper, discussed how mainstream media covered PKK-related news and said that “most of these stories are our own scenarios”.

Afterwards she read out journalist Celal Başlangıç’s interview “The media has been blind to the rights violations against Kurds for 30 years” published by bianet.

Continuing to give examples of the “repression of Kurdish media”, Ünsal cited Ayşe Hür’s article titled “The Ireless Kurd: Ape Musa” published on September 22nd, 2013 in Radikal; CNN Türk’s news story dated May 9th, 2012, “19 years on, Sincar’s wife enters the Parliament”; Radikal’s news story dated November 28th, 2013, titled “They Could not Look at My Face”; Radikal’s interview dated October 8th, 2013 titled “Can Dündar: I miss the censorship after the September 12th coup”; and other excerpts from interviews by journalists sacked by mainstream media outlets at the time.

She compared the rights violations after the September 12th coup with the rights violations in the 2000s. Then she read out parts of the Turkey Bar Association - Human Rights Center’s report dated April 2013, concerning “impunity of public officials”, “prohibition of torture”, “fair trial” and “judicial independence”.

She continued her defense by reading out the article “Let us help the police”, written by Taraf newspaper columnist Roni Marguiles on January 7th, 2012, criticizing the “KCK Press” investigations.

Later she moved on to the sections of the indictment concerning her. About her detention records, Ünsal said that the prosecutor tried to portray her detention as a journalist during the May Day rally as “participating in an illegal rally”.

Ünsal stated that the overseas travel records placed in the indictment had nothing to do with the allegations leveled against her and said that she did not feel the need to explain where she traveled during these dates. She demanded that the court explore this.

She stated that the interview videos found in seized DVDs and attached to the indictment were parts of a series of news stories available on the internet, and that these did not contain criminal elements. She said that there was no investigation launched about this series of news stories, and that no criminal complaint had been filed.

She also pointed out that a press release published by many newspapers and websites was also listed among the evidence by the prosecutor.

She said that, of the names found in the handwritten phone directory, those “associated with KCK” were handpicked and then placed in the indictment. Ünsal added, “The prosecutor went so far that, he even added to the list of those associated with KCK, the phone number of the university which I called to ask about the enrolment procedures of my cousin.”

She said that the allegations were not limited to this, and that even individuals she was not affiliated with were included in the indictment.

She stated that two news stories were listed in the part of the indictment about her, and indicated that she only was responsible for translating these into English. She emphasized that there was no investigation launched about the Turkish or Kurdish versions of the news stories in the indictment.

As for the map referred to as the “Kurdistan map” in the indictment, Ünsal stated that it was a clipping from Cumhuriyet newspaper’s supplement on strategy, that this image was frequently used in news stories about the USA’s Greater Middle East Project, and that she used this map while working on a news story about Palestine.”

She stated that the wiretapping records concerned phone conversations with journalists or individuals calling the agency DİHA. She said that one of the wiretapping records did not belong to her, and that in another wiretapping record, she simply forwarded the call to the news manager. She stated that the other three wiretapping records consisted of calls to make appointments for interviews. She also asked her confiscated “DİHA press card” to be returned.

The 29th hearing took place on December 6th, 2013. The court ordered that Ünsal’s overseas travel destinations be determined, and that her “DİHA press card” be returned to her after a copy of it was added to the file.

The trial prosecutor demanded that a criminal complaint be filed against Ünsal since she used in her defense expressions such as “Don’t you feel professional shame?” and “Repulsion stains everyone who tries to manipulate it.” The court stated that these expressions went beyond the limits of defense, and accepted the prosecutor’s criminal complaint.

The 30th hearing of the trial took place on January 13th, 2014. Ünsal’s overseas travel records were added to the file. The dates of these travels were stated once again, but it was not stated which countries she travelled to.

At the time, there was a heated public debate about whether the Courts with Special Authority were going to be abolished. In this hearing, lawyers argued that this debate made controversial the court, which conducted the “KCK Press” trial. Due to this reason, lawyers demanded that the proceedings at Istanbul 15th High Criminal Court be suspended and that the detainees be released. The court rejected this demand.

Courts with Special Authority were indeed abolished with a law that came into force on February 21st, 2014.

The last hearing of the “KCK Press Trial” at İstanbul 15th High Criminal Court with Special Authority was held on March 3rd, 2014. The file was then transferred to the Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court.

The six detained defendants were released on May 12th, 2014 as a result of the routine detention check, upon the orders of the 3. High Criminal Court. As such, there were no longer any detained defendants.

The trial resumed on July 10th, 2014, at Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court in Çağlayan Courthouse.

The ban on the traveling abroad of 37 defendants was lifted in the first hearing at Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court.

At the 10th hearing, the judge ordered that the journalists’ passports be annulled as per a State of Emergency Decree Law.

The lawyers said that upon the abolition of Courts with Special Authority, the trial had lost its legal grounding. They argued that the continuation of these proceedings at high criminal courts was against the Constitution. The Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court indeed referred the file to the Constitutional Court on allegations of unconstitutionality. The court waited for a response from the Constitutional Court for two hearings. The Constitutional Court sent no answer to the court for 16 months. The court then decided to continue the trial.

In the subsequent hearings, the lawyers reiterated their demand for waiting for the Constitutional Court’s ruling and the acquittal of all defendants. Lawyers said that most of the law enforcement officers, prosecutors and judges involved in the investigation and prosecution of the trial before the trial was transferred to Istanbul 3rd High Criminal Court were now under arrest or on the run after the July 15th military coup attempt. Lawyers demanded that the legal measures taken against these individuals be included in the file. The court accepted this request. However, the court also ruled that all the other investigations and prosecutions concerning the journalists would also be included in the file.

Of the 46 defendants, only İsmet Kayhan, who is on the run, has not presented his defense in court. Even the “evidence assessment” phase has not been completed yet.

Judicial information about the officials involved in the investigation and prosecution phase has yet to be included in the file. İsmet Kayhan has not been arrested.

The 16th hearing of the trial took place on May 9th, 2019, and the 17th on October 22nd, 2019.

The 18th hearing was held on February 25th, 2020. Ünsal did not attend this hearing.

The 19th hearing of the trial took place on July 2nd. The president of the court stated that the writ sent to the General Secretariat of Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HSK) about the progress in the trial was added to the case file. Accordingly, HSK demanded information from the court for the disciplinary investigation against Bilal Bayraktar, a prosecutor dismissed for alleged “membership of the Fethullahist Terror Organization.” Bayraktar was the prosecutor in charge of indictment and hearings at KCK Press Trial. Journalist Çağdaş Ulus’ lawyer Mehtap Acar Ulus stated that her client was included in the trial via manipulation. She demanded that his file be separated from the collective file and Ulus be acquitted. The court ruled to await the execution of the arrest warrant against İsmet Kayhan, who lives abroad.

The trial was adjourned until December 1st, 2020.

The prosecution has still not submitted its opinion as to the accusations although trial began in September 2012.

ECHR Proceedings

The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) rejected the journalists’ application concerning this file in November 2019, pointing to non-exhaustion of domestic remedies -namely, the filing of an individual application with the Constitutional Court. However, at the time the journalists were arrested and had filed an application with ECHR, it was not yet possible to file an individual application with the Constitutional Court in Turkey. Therefore, the requirement of exhausting the individual application to the Constitutional Court before applying to ECHR did not exist yet.

19. Standing - July 2, 2020


Duruşma, gelen evrakların tutanağa geçirilmesiyle başladı.

Mahkeme heyeti başkanı; Hakimler ve Savcılar Kurulu (HSK) Genel Sekreterliği’nden bu yargılamanın geldiği aşama ile ilgili bilginin istendiği yazının dosyaya eklendiğini açıkladı. Buna göre, HSK; “Fethullahçı Terör Örgütü üyesi olduğu” iddiasıyla meslekten çıkarılan savcı Bilal Bayraktar ile ilgili disiplin soruşturması için mahkemeden bilgi istiyordu. Savcı Bayraktar, “KCK Basın” yargılamasının soruşturma ve iddianame savcısıydı.

Gazeteci Çağdaş Ulus’un avukatı Mehtap Acar Ulus, Çağdaş Ulus’un bir manipülasyon yoluyla bu davaya dahil edildiğini söyledi. Çağdaş Ulus hakkındaki dosyanın, bu dosyadan ayrılmasını ve Ulus’un beraatini talep etti.

Hakimler ve Savcılar Kurulu‘nun (HSK) savcı Bilal Bayraktar hakkındaki disiplin soruşturması kapsamında, “KCK Basın” yargılamasıyla ilgili gelişmelerin ve kararın HSK Genel Sekreterliği’ne bildirilmesine yönelik yazı, dosyaya eklendi.

“FETÖ üyesi olduğu” iddiasıyla meslekten çıkartılan savcı Bayraktar, “KCK Basın” dosyasının da soruşturma ve iddianame savcısıydı.

Çağdaş Ulus müdafii avukat Mehtap Acar Ulus, müvekkili hakkında beraat talebiyle yazılı beyan sundu. Ulus’un dosyasının KCK Basın dosyasından ayrılmasını talep etti.

Diğer sanık müdafiileri, bu aşamada bir talepleri olmadığını söyledi.


Mahkeme, Çağdaş Ulus’un dosyasının ayrılması yönündeki talebini reddetti.

HSK’nın iddianame savcısı Bilal Bayraktar hakkında yürüttüğü disiplin soruşturması için, yargılamanın her aşamasının HSK Genel Sekreterliği’ne bildirilmesine karar verildi.

Ayrıca, sanıklardan yurtdışında ikamet eden İsmet Kayhan hakkındaki yakalama kararının yerine getirilmesinin beklenmesine karar verildi.

Yargılamanın, 1 Aralık 2020 tarihinde görülecek 20. duruşma ile devam etmesine karar verildi.


Duruşma Öncesi

Güvenlik görevlisi, bariyerlerin geçilmesine izin verdi. Duruşma öncesi salonun önü boştu. Avukatlar tam duruşma saatinde, salonun önüne geldi.

Avukatlardan birinin beklenmesine karar verildi. Avukatın, o sırada başka bir mahkemede karar beklediği için geciktiği belirtildi.

Duruşma 10 dakika gecikmeli başladı.

Mahkeme Salonu Koşulları

Mahkeme salonunda yaklaşık 25 kişilik oturma alanı vardı. “Koronavirüs” pandemisi karşısında alınan tedbirleri kapsamında, sosyal mesafenin sağlanması için sandalyelere birer aralıkla bantlar çekilmişti.

Duruşmaya Katılım

Duruşmaya, Medya ve Hukuk Çalışmaları Derneği (MLSA) ve Türkiye Gazeteciler Sendikası’ndan gözlemciler katıldı.

Genel Gözlemler

Duruşma 18 dakika sürdü.

Pandemi nedeniyle izleme alanında fiziksel mesafe önlemleri alınmıştı ancak salonda bulunan mahkeme başkanı, iki heyet üyesi, savcı ve katip arasında sadece bir mahkeme heyeti üyesi maskesini takıyordu.

Mahkeme başkanı duruşma boyunca mikrofonunu kullanmadı ve kısık sesle konuştu. Söyledikleri izleyiciler tarafından duyulmadı.

18. Standing - Feb. 25, 2020


Duruşma öngörülen saatten 10 dakika sonra başladı, karar için verilen 5 dakikalık ara dahil, toplam 35 dakika sürdü.

Duruşmaya, Ses ve Görüntülü Bilişim Sistemi (SEGBİS) ile katılması beklenen Yüksel Genç, mahkeme salonunda hazır bulundu. Genç, yaptığı savunmayı ayrıca yazılı olarak da sundu.

Genç savunmasında, hakkında İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde görülen ve daha sonra “KCK Basın” ile birleştirilen dosyanın iddianamesine tepki gösterdi. Demokratik Toplum Kongresi (DTK) kuruculuğuyla suçlandığı bu dosyadaki deliller arasında hakkındaki teknik takip delillerinin de gösterildiğini, ancak kendisinin o tarihlerde “KCK Basın” davasından tutuklu olduğunu açıkladı.

DTK’da 2009-2011 arası görev yaptığını ve DTK’nın yasadışı bir yapı olmadığını söyledi, suçlamaları reddetti. TBMM Anayasa Komisyonu’nun DTK’dan resmi olarak görüş istediğine dair belgeyi mahkemeye sundu.

Sanıklardan Hüseyin Deniz de salonda hazır bulundu. Deniz bu aşamada söyleyecek bir şeyi olmadığını ifade etti.

Ardından Çağdaş Ulus’un avukatlığını üstlenen eşi sözü aldı. Ulus’la 5 senedir tanıştıklarını, çocuklarının 1 yaşında olduğunu ancak bu davanın halen devam ettiğini söyledi. Ayrıca eşi Ulus’un 2011’de gözaltına alınmadan birkaç ay önce zorunlu askerlik hizmetini yerine getirdiğini anlattı; teröristlikle suçlanmasına tepki gösterdi. Dosyasının ayrılmasını talep etti.

Ardından söz alan diğer tüm sanıklar müdafii Özcan Kılıç, öncelikle Yüksel Genç’in duruşmalardan vareste tutulmasını talep etti. Sanıklardan Ziya Çiçekçi hakkında açılan başka bir dosyanın birleştirilmesini de istedi.

Kılıç, müvekkillerinin DTK üyesi olmakla suçlandığını, ancak DTK’nın yasadığı bir yapı olmadığını anlattı. DTK’nın yasadışı bir örgüt olup olmadığının tespit edilmesini talep etti.

Avukat Kılıç, “KCK Basın’ dosyasının soruşturma aşamasında gözaltına alınan, o dönem AFP (Agence France Presse, Fransız Haber Ajansı) muhabiri Mustafa Özer’in MİT ajanı olduğunun ortaya çıktığını” iddia etti. İlk başta şüpheli listesinde yer alan ancak şu an dosyada bulunmayan Özer’in mahkeme huzurunda dinlenmesini talep etti.

Mahkeme karar için 5 dakika ara verdi.


Mahkeme sanıkların ve müdafilerinin tüm taleplerini reddetti.

İsmet Kayhan hakkındaki yakalama emrinin infazının beklenmesine karar verdi.

Bir sonraki duruşma 2 Temmuz 2020 saat 10.00’da görülecek.


Duruşma Öncesi

Duruşmadan birkaç dakika önce polis barikatı açılarak gazetecilerin salon önüne geçişine izin verildi.

Mahkeme Salonu Koşulları

Mahkeme salonu yaklaşık 30 kişilikti. Mahkeme başkanı mikrofon kullanmadı ve duruşmada konuşulan hiçbir şey izleyici bölümünden duyulmadı.

Duruşmaya Katılım

Duruşmaya sanık müdafii olarak sekiz avukat katıldı. Duruşmayı; Gazetecileri Koruma Komitesi (CPJ), P24 ve Medya ve Hukuk Çalışmaları Derneği (MLSA) temsilcileri takip etti.

Genel Gözlemler

Duruşma öngörülen saatten 10 dakika sonra başladı, karar için verilen 5 dakikalık ara dahil, toplam 35 dakika sürdü.

Duruşma devam ederken, bir sonraki duruşmanın SEGBİS bağlantısı kuruldu ve SEGBİS’le bağlanan kişi kendi duruşmasını bekledi.

Duruşma esnasında mahkeme başkanının sanıklardan Yüksel Genç’e “sen” diyerek hitap etmesine bir avukat itiraz etti. Mahkeme başkanı “Bu sen-siz tartışması yıllardır sürüyor” dedi ve “sen” ifadesinin sıkıntılı bir ifade olmadığını söyleyerek duruşmaya devam etti.

Mahkeme karar için ara verdiğinde salon boşaltıldı. Ancak savcının salonda oturuyordu. 5 dakika sonra salonun kapısı açıldı. Mahkeme başkanının bir sonraki duruşma tarihini söylemesiyle duruşma sona erdi. Mahkeme başkanı erkek, heyetin iki üyesi kadın hakimdi.

17. Standing - Oct. 22, 2019


Bir önceki duruşmada, sanıklardan Yüksel Genç hakkında İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde görülen dosyanın KCK Basın dosyasıyla birleştirilmesi talebi, İstanbul 3. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi tarafından reddedilmişti.

İki duruşma arasında, İstinaf Mahkemesi; Genç hakkındaki iki dosyanın İstanbul 3. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde birleştirilmesine resen karar verdi.

Yargılamanın 17. duruşması, bu kararın dosyaya eklenmesiyle başladı. Yeni dosya eklendiği için Genç’in tekrar savunma sunması istendi. Avukat Özcan Kılıç, Genç’in savunması için Diyarbakır’da hazır edileceğini ifade etti.

Sanıklardan Ziya Çiçekçi hakkında, “terör örgütü yayınlarını basmak ve yayınlamak” suçlamasıyla İstanbul 15. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde görülen dosyanın İstanbul 3. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde birleştirilmesi için muvafakat (kabul etme) yazısı geldi. Avukat Özcan Kılıç da dosyaların birleştirilmesi talebinde bulundu.

Avukat Mehtap Acar Ulus, FETÖ suçlamasıyla yargılanan ve etkin pişmanlıktan yararlanan bir emniyet müdürünün, müvekkili Çağdaş Ulus’un sahte delillerle tutuklandığına dair ifadelerinin olduğunu belirtti ve bu konudaki delilleri mahkemeye sundu. Müvekkili Ulus’un dosyasının ayrılmasını talep etti.


Mahkeme, sanıklardan Yüksel Genç’in bir sonraki duruşmada savunmasını Ses ve Görüntü Bilişim Sistemi üzerinden (SEGBİS) sunmak üzere Diyarbakır’da bir mahkemede hazır edilmesi için talimat yazılmasına karar verdi.

Çağdaş Ulus’un dosyasının ayrılması yönündeki talebi reddetti. Ziya Çiçekçi’nin dosyasının birleştirilmesi talebini de reddetti.

İsmet Kayhan hakkındaki yakalama kararının infazının beklenmesine de karar veren mahkeme bir sonraki duruşmanın 25 Şubat 2020 saat 10.30’da görüleceğini açıkladı.


Duruşma Öncesi

Duruşma öncesi gazetecilerin bir kısmının barikattan geçip mahkeme salonu önünde beklemesine izin verildi.

Mahkeme salonu önü kalabalıklaştıktan sonra ise barikattan geçişler kapatıldı. İki gazetecinin salon önüne yaklaşkasına duruşma başladığı ana kadar izin verilmedi.

Gazeteciler ve güvenlik görevlileri arasında tartışma yaşandı. Gazetecilerden biri, güvenlik görevlisine “keyfi davrandığını” söyledi. Bunun üzerine güvenlik görevlisi barikatı kapatarak “Sadece senin geçişine izin vermiyorum, keyfi değil mi” dedi.

Duruşmanın başlamasıyla, güvenlik şefi gelerek, gazetecilerin içeri girişini sağladı.

Mahkeme Salonu koşulları

Mahkeme salonu katılımcı sayısına göre genişti. Mahkeme başkanı mikrofon kullanmadı ve duruşmada konuşulan hiçbir şey izleyici bölümünden duyulmadı.

Duruşmaya Katılım

Duruşmaya sanık müdafii olarak altı avukat katıldı. Duruşmayı, P24 ve Medya ve Hukuk Çalışmaları Derneği (MLSA) temsilcileri ve gazeteciler takip etti.

Genel Gözlemler

Duruşma öngörülen saatten 40 dakika sonra başladı, 25 dakika sürdü.

Salona girdikten sonra yaklaşık 10 dakika boyunca mahkeme katibi dosyayla ilgili telefonda konuştu. İzleyici bölümünden sadece “Burası terör mahkemesi değil” cümlesi duyuldu.

Avukatlar, konuşmanın; sanıklardan Yüksel Genç’in İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde açılan dava dosyasının KCK Basın dosyasıyla birleştirilmesiyle ilgili olduğunu açıkladı.

Duruşma başladığında, avukatlardan biri başka bir adliyede de duruşması olduğu için ayrılacağını ifade etti. Bunun üzerine mahkeme başkanı öfkelendi, birkaç dakikalık bir tartışma yaşandı.

Mahkeme karar için ara verdiğinde salon boşaltıldı. Beş dakika sonra salonun kapısı açıldı. Mahkeme başkanının bir sonraki duruşma tarihini söylemesiyle duruşma sona erdi.

Mahkeme heyeti üyelerinden biri değişmişti. Mahkeme başkanı erkek, heyetin iki üyesi kadın hakimdi.

16. Standing - May 9, 2019


Mahkeme Başkanı, mikrofon kullanmadığı için 10 dakika süren duruşma boyunca katılımcılar çok az şey duyabildi.

Daha sonra duruşma tutanağından edinilen bilgiye göre, İstanbul İl Emniyet Müdürlüğü’nün sanık Dilek Demiral’ın pasaportu üzerindeki şerhin kaldırılması şeklindeki işlemlerin devam ettiği yönünde cevabı dosyaya eklendi.

Ayrıca “KCK Basın” soruşturmasını yürüten emniyet görevlileri hakkında görevi kötüye kullanma suçlamasıyla İstanbul 26. Asliye Ceza Mahkemesinde görülen yargılamanın devam ettiğine dair cevap ve duruşma zaptı örneği de mahkemeye ulaştı. Avukat Özcan Kılıç, Ocak 2019’da görülen bir önceki duruşmada bu davanın akıbetinin öğrenilmesini talep etmişti.

Mahkeme Başkanı, sanıklardan Yüksel Genç hakkında İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde bir dava açıldığını ve İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nin kendilerine birleştirme kararı gönderdiğini söyledi. Mahkeme Başkanı, İstanbul 3. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi heyeti olarak birleştirmeye onay vermediklerini söyledi.

Duruşma savcısı, bu duruşmada da esas hakkındaki mütalaasını açıklamadı; eksiklerin giderilmesini mütalaa etti.

Mahkeme ara vermeden, kararını açıkladı.


Sanıklardan Yüksel Genç hakkında İstanbul 14. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’nde açılan davanın İstanbul 3. Ağır Ceza Mahkemesi’ndeki dosyayla birleştirilmesini kabul etmeyen mahkeme, dosyayı İstanbul Bölge Adliye Mahkemesi’ne gönderdi.

Bir sonraki duruşmanın 22 Ekim 2019 saat 10.00’a bırakılmasına karar verildi.


Duruşma Öncesi

Avukatlar ve iki muhabirin salona girmesinin ardından salonun kapısı kapandı. Kapı kapandıktan sonra gelen izleyicilerin içeri alınmasına zorluk çıkarıldı.

Duruşmaya katılım

Duruşmaya altı avukat katıldı. Duruşmayı; P24, Medya ve Hukuk Çalışmaları Derneği (MLSA) ve Türkiye Gazeteciler Sendikası’ndan temsilciler ve muhabirler takip etti.

Genel Gözlemler

Mahkeme başkanı mikrofon kullanmadığı için, izleyici alanından sadece, sanıklardan Yüksel Genç’in dosyası ile ilgili konuşmalar ve bir sonraki duruşma tarihi duyulabildi.

Duruşma 10 dakika sürdü.

15. Standing - Jan. 11, 2019


Duruşma saatinde başladı ve 10 dakika sürdü.

Avukat Özcan Kılıç “KCK Basın” soruşturmasını yürüten emniyet görevlileri hakkında “görevi kötüye kullanma” suçlamasıyla İstanbul 26. Asliye Ceza Mahkemesi’nde açılan davanın akıbetinin öğrenilmesini talep etti.


“KCK Basın” soruşturmasını yürüten emniyet görevlileri hakkında “görevi kötüye kullanma” suçlamasıyla İstanbul 26. Asliye Ceza Mahkemesi’nde açılan davanın akıbetinin sorulmasına karar verildi.

Dava, 9 Mayıs 2019 gününe bırakıldı.


Duruşma Öncesi

Duruşma öngörülen saatte başladı. Öncesinde sanık gazeteciler ile duruşmayı takibe gelen gazeteciler sohbet etti. Duruşma öncesi herhangi bir destek açıklaması yapılmadı.

Mahkeme Salonu Koşulları

Mahkeme salonu katılımcı sayısına göre genişti. Mahkeme başkanı mikrofon kullanmadı ve sözleri katılımcılar tarafından duyulmadı.

Duruşmaya Katılım

Duruşmaya iki sanık ve dokuz avukat katıldı. Dört muhabir duruşmayı haber/rapor amacıyla takip etti.

Genel Gözlemler

Duruşma yıllardır sürdüğü, halen esas hakkında mütalaa verilmediği ve davada ilerleme olmadığı için duruşmaya katılım çok düşüktü.

“KCK Press” Trial (Indictment)

“KCK Press” Trial 15. Standing (Minutes of the Hearing)

“KCK Press” Trial 16. Standing (Minutes of the Hearing)

“KCK Press” Trial 17. Standing (Minutes of the Hearing)

“KCK Press” Trial 18. Standing (Minutes of the Hearing)

“KCK Press” Trial 19. Standing (Minutes of the Hearing)

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